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Yearly Archives: 2016
Posted on behalf of University of Glasgow alumnus Tom Green
The Scottish Memorial in Flanders, Belgium was erected in August 2007 to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the Battle of Passchendaele. The monument is located close to the village of Zonnebeke and Ieper/Ypres, the town made famous by its location in the Ypres Salient where so much fighting took place during World War One. The monument is sited where the 15th (Scottish) Division stormed and captured ground held by the German army during the Battle of Passchendaele on 31 July 1917. The monument was unveiled in August 2007 during a high profile ceremony and plans are now in place to complete the Memorial Park as part of the commemoration of the centenary of the battle in August 2017. View images from the unveiling of the 2007 Memorial here and find out more about forthcoming commemorations through 2018 from the Passchendaele Memorial Museum website.
By Dr Jen Novotny, Research Assistant in History, University of Glasgow
This post looks at how medics at Jutland treated battle casualties, contending not only with complex injuries, but having to manoeuvre through confined spaces aboard ships.
By Dr Jen Novotny, University of Glasgow
On 31 May, the national commemorations of the Battle of Jutland will take place in Orkney. It highlights Scotland’s contribution to the First World War at sea: particularly the great ships constructed along the Clyde and the strategically important harbours of Rosyth and Scapa, from which the fleets of Admirals Beatty and Jellicoe set sail to meet their German counterparts. This post explores the contributions of Scottish industry and the labour tensions that simmered on the home front while war continued to be waged on land and sea.
By Dr Jen Novotny, Research Assistant in History, University of Glasgow
One hundred years ago on 31 May, the British Grand Fleet met the German High Seas Fleet in the most important naval battle of the First World War. One hundred and fifty ships of the Royal Navy met 99 German ships in the North Sea – 100,000 sailors manoeuvring the might of the world’s two most advanced navies in the only full-scale naval engagement of the First World War.
Conference: UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW, 21-22 JULY 2016
A programme of events to mark the centenary of the Women’s Peace Crusade will take place on 23 JULY 2016 at GLASGOW WOMEN’S LIBRARY
The extent and importance of religious faith in the First World War is undoubtedly one of the great rediscoveries of the centenary years. Among the belligerent empires and nations, religion proved to be a vital sustaining and motivating force, with the Ottoman war effort cloaked as a jihad, the United States entering the war on Good Friday 1917, and even professedly secular societies such as France experiencing a degree of religious revival. At the same time religious convictions also provided some of the most powerful critiques of the war, contributing to tireless peace-making efforts by Pope Benedict XV and to the stand of thousands of conscientious objectors in Great Britain and the United States. Faith also inspired many of the women who were active in war resistance and initiatives for peace, including Quakers, feminists and Christian socialists who were involved in the Hague Peace Congress of 1915, the resulting Women’s International League, and also grassroots action such as the Women’s Peace Crusade, which was launched in Glasgow in the summer of 1916.
This conference seeks to explore the huge diversity and significance of religious faith for those who experienced the First World War, addressing themes such as faith in the armed forces and on the home front, religion, war resistance and the peace crusade, and the role of religion in remembrance.
Key-note speakers will include Professor S. J. Brown (University of Edinburgh), Dr Lesley Orr (University of Edinburgh) and Professor Michael Snape (University of Durham).
We invite proposals for twenty-minute papers on topics related to the theme. We would welcome papers not only from academics, but also from independent scholars, local history researchers, archivists and others with an interest in this area. Deadline for paper proposals is 31 May 2016.
Please send abstracts (ca. 150 words) to Dr Charlotte Methuen firstname.lastname@example.org.
To register for the conference, please contact Dr Charlotte Methuen
(email@example.com) or visit our Eventbrite Eventbrite site. Cost to participants is £25.00 per day to include coffees, teas and lunch. Please pay by cheque (made out to “The University of Glasgow”) or by cash on the day. We can provide a list of local and university accommodation.
by Brianna E Robertson-Kirkland, PhD Candidate (Music), University of Glasgow
For this blog, I will be reflecting on my recent biographical research on five men from Glasgow who all fought and died in the Great War. I have chosen to highlight three soldiers I investigated who were graduates from the University of Glasgow and whose names are now commemorated in the University of Glasgow Memorial Chapel. My research background is not in anything related to war studies; rather I research 18th century music. That being said, a large proportion of my PhD was untangling the timelines of several British opera singers and reconstructing more accurate biographical accounts of their careers. In many ways, researching Great War soldiers was very similar; during war small but important details skew the timeline and can make it difficult to track what was happening when. However, I did find another alarming difference in my secondary investigations into these men.
What did they do before the war? What were their hobbies? What had been their aspirations if war had never been declared? Did any other family members also serve and did they survive the war?
During my initial research, I found a few brief biographical accounts on the internet but I was surprised at the lack of information regarding the character of these men. For quite a few of the names, there was detailed information about the battles and their travel from place to place; all things I had assumed would be quite complicated to trace. There was even grizzly information about how they were killed, but I couldn’t get a sense of who they were as individuals. What did they do before the war; what were their hobbies; what had been their aspirations if war had never been declared; did any other family members also serve and did they survive the war? These are simple questions, but they can transform the story of a soldier allowing him to become more relatable to a 21st century audience and for a family member in search of information, I would hope that it would bring both comfort and intrigue. More importantly, these aspects about a person’s character come through in the war diaries but have not been incorporated into individual histories. It is for this reason I chose to explore the individuality of each man, and while there is some information about their military careers, I also highlight their schooling, family connections and hobbies.
By Tessa Ewart, 2nd Year History of Art student and digitisation intern
My internship placement at Glasgow University Archives has so far consisted of documenting a large album of photographs depicting artificial limb production and fitting at Erskine Hospital, established 1916 as the Princess Louise Hospital for Limbless Sailors and Soldiers. The album consists of thirty-six pages, with a series of twelve film photographs from the period which give an extraordinary insight to both the workshop production and patient fittings of the artificial limbs.
The front cover of ‘The Manufacture of Artificial Limbs for the Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for Limbless Sailors and Soldiers’ ACCN 3934/3/3
Due to the large size of the album (measuring roughly 19” x 16”) and the fragility of the leather bound spine, it was decided photography would be the best means of capturing the object. I used the University of Glasgow Archive Services’ Nikon D40X…
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